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October 20th Lagos Massacre: Is Buhari, Sanwo- Olu guilty of Genocide?— Columbus Akalonu

October 20th Lagos Massacre: Is Buhari, Sanwo- Olu guilty of Genocide?

~ Columbus Akalonu

In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel group composed of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda (aka Ruanda) from their base in Uganda, initiating the Rwandan Civil War. Neither side was able to gain a decisive advantage in the war, and the Rwandan government led by President Juvénal Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords with the RPF on 4 August 1993. Many historians argue that a genocide against the Tutsi had been planned for at least a year.However, Habyarimana’s assassination on 6 April 1994 created a power vacuum and ended peace accords. Genocidal killings began the following day when soldiers, police, and militia executed key Tutsi and moderate Hutu military and political leaders.

The scale and brutality of the massacre caused shock worldwide, but no country intervened to forcefully stop the killings. Most of the victims were killed in their own villages or towns, many by their neighbors and fellow villagers. Hutu gangs searched out victims hiding in churches and school buildings. The militia murdered victims with machetes and rifles. An estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, including about 70% of the country’s Tutsi population. Sexual violence was rife, with an estimated 250,000 to 500,000 women raped during the genocide. The RPF quickly resumed the civil war once the genocide started and captured all government territory, ending the genocide and forcing the government into Zaire.

Definition of Genocide.

The United Nations
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on December 9th, 1948 defined Genocide as:

… any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
— Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Article 3 defines the crimes that can be punished under the convention:

(a) Genocide;
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.
— Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

The first time that the 1948 law was enforced occurred on 2 September 1998 when the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda found Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide. The lead prosecutor in this case was Pierre-Richard Prosper. Two days later, Jean Kambanda became the first head of government to be convicted of genocide.

According to Wikipedia, The Zaria massacre was a massacre carried out by the Nigerian Army in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria, on Saturday, 12 December 2015, against Shia muslims, mostly members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria. At least 348 civilians were killed, with 347 bodies secretly buried by the army in a masse grave.

On 27th August, 2020, the Punch online News reported the killing of unarmed members of the Indigenous People of Biafra observing a meeting in Enugu, according to reports scores were killed.

The most notable incidents were the protests that took place in Onitsha on December 2, 2015 where about 11 people reportedly lost their lives, including 2 policemen and 9 activists; and in Aba on February 9, 2016 where six members of the secessionist group Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) were allegedly killed by the security forces.

July 7th, 2020, Sahara reporters published news of a young man who was unlawfully arrested and tortured to death by some officers of Special Anti-Robbery Squad

He was arrested at Megon Guest House near his house while charging his phone.

According to elder sister of the victim, Mercy Obazee, her brother was arrested by SARS personnel on March 6, 2020 and was not allowed to make calls while others also arrested including owner of the hotel were released.

She alleged that her brother was tortured by the police, leading to his death”

The above killing raised tension across the country which led to peaceful protest that has lasted over two weeks.
On October 20th, 2020, it was reported by Sahara Reporters and other online media outlets how Nigeria Soldiers killed score of peaceful protesters in Lagos.

From UN law on Genocide, one dare ask if President Buhari and Lagos State Governor; Babajide Sanwo-olu are guilty of genocide?

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